Athens Sparta Compare And Contrast Essay

Athens vs. Sparta Essay

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Athens vs. Sparta

During the times of Ancient Greece, two major forms of government existed, democracy and oligarchy. The city-states of Athens and Sparta are the best representatives of democracy and oligarchy, respectively. The focus of the times was directed towards military capabilities, while the Athenians were more interested in comfort and culture. It was the oligarchy in Sparta that put a war-like attitude as its first priority and best met the needs of Ancient Greece. These factors empowered Sparta and led to the development of an authoritative and potent state. Other contrasting issues included women’s rights, social classes, and value of human life. Four rulers, Draco, Solon, Pisistratus, and Cleithenes, greatly…show more content…

The government in Sparta followed a very different coarse than that of the Athenians. It was controlled by an oligarchy in which the power was held by a group of five men called ephors. Working below the ephors was the Council of Elders and an Assembly. Male citizens over age sixty could serve on the Council while anyone, male or female, over the age of twenty could be a member of the Assembly. Though the citizens had little say in the decisions made by the government, the system worked effectively. Over the years, the Spartan's brutal reputation in war grew so great that other nations and city-states were too frightened to attack Sparta even though the Spartan army was no larger then eight thousand men. The Spartan Constitution called for all men to begin their military education at the age of seven, where they were trained to be tough and self-sufficient. Every man in the army fought with a great deal of passion for his country. Life in Sparta may have been rough, but the rest of the Greeks envied the Spartans for their simplicity, straight forwardness, and fanatical dedication. The beliefs of Sparta were oriented around the state. The individual lived and died for the state. The combination of this philosophy, the education of Spartan males, and the discipline of their army gave the Spartans the stability needed to survive in Ancient Greece. The Athenian economy depended on foreign trade and

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Athens Vs. Sparta Compare And Contrast The Two Cities Of Ancient Greece

Greece a country united by its name, but divided by its ways. Although Sparta and Athens were both Greek cities, their societies were different. Sparta was focused on having a perfect military, whereas Athenian daily life revolved learning and knowledge. When Spartan boys were being trained for an army, Athenian boys were being trained for life.

Sparta was a city-state based on strict military ruling. Lives of Spartans revolved around military. The education given was meant to create Spartans into soldiers. Not only were the Spartans raised to be military-minded, but they were also expected to be a disciplined marching army. The strict rules of the government made it so that every Spartan was to be physically fit. Those rules would be easier to deal with than some of the other laws that were firmly instituted. Such as, when a baby was born, Spartan soldiers came to see if the baby was healthy. If the baby did not seem to be healthy and strong, then the infant would be taken away and left to die on a hillside. The baby would be left to die, but if the baby was not taken away to die, then the infant would be trained to be slave (or helot). Now, if an infant was found to be perfectly healthy, then the child was assigned a brotherhood or sisterhood. They were usually assigned to the same one as their mother or father.

Schooling in Sparta started at age six or seven. The children were not well fed and the boys were taught to steal food. When they stole food, they could not get caught, for if they were caught, there were great consequences. There was an anecdote that speaks of a boy who stole a fox because he wanted to cook and eat it. Then, as two Spartan soldiers came near, he shoved the fox beneath his...

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