Introduction: One of the National holidays in India is Gandhi Jayanti. It is celebrated on 2nd October every year.
Why do we celebrate this day? October 2nd is a festival known as Gandhi Jayanti. In other words, it is the birthday of Gandhi. So, on this day every single year, Indians (as well as those who have been inspired by Gandhi across the world), celebrate the life and works of Gandhi.
International Day of Non-violence: It is observed on the occasion of Mahatma Gandhi’s birthday. On 15th June, 2007, The United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) announced a new resolution to observe 2nd October as the International Day of Non-Violence. This day is celebrated all over the world.
Significance: Gandhi was a very important figure in Indian history and culture. Gandhi played a very important role in country’s freedom struggle against the foreign rule. It is a matter of pride for all of us that our country achieved independence following the path of Non-violence. His teachings of non violence, for instance, continue to inspire people today: the Chipko movement is one example of a non violent movement that was directly inspired by Gandhi. He also wrote an autobiography that was named “My experiments with Truth”. Hence, the day of Gandhi Jayanti holds special importance for every Indian.
Mahatma Gandhi: Mahatma Gandhi (original name is Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi) is commonly known as “Gandhi” and “Bapu”. “Bapu means “Father”.
Rabindranath Tagore, one of the greatest Indian poet, gave Gandhi the title of “Mahatma”, which literally means “Great Soul”. In Sanskrit “Maha” means “Great” and “Atma” means “Soul”.
He was born at Porbandar in Gujarat on 2nd October, 1869. He was a very simple man lived a very simple life. However, his thoughts and philosophy influenced many peoples. He always followed the principles of non-violence, truth, and honesty. Thus, he coined the term “Satyagraha” which means “Truth (Satya)” and “Non-Violence (Ahimsa)”.
All this inspired many great leaders like James Lawson, Martin Luther King, and Nelson Mandela, etc.
Celebration: Government offices, schools and businesses will usually close and there will be both private celebrations and public celebrations. People celebrate the Gandhi Jayanti on 2nd October with reverence. Services, tributes, mss prayers and spinning are held at his samadhi at Rajghat in Delhi on 2nd October.
Gandhi is remembered by the whole nation on this day for his teachings, principles, and ideologies. Mahatma Gandhi’s favorite song, Raghupati Raghav, is sung everywhere on this day. As this day is a National Holiday, everyone enjoys this day by spending the day with his or her dear ones.
Category: Culture of India, Essays, Paragraphs and ArticlesTagged With: National Festivals
Gandhi Jayanti : Essay, Article, Short Notes, Speech, Paragraph
Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated as a tribute to Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi on 2nd October in India on the birth occasion of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. It is celebrated as a National Holiday in India and on 15 June 2007 the United Nations General Assembly announced that 2nd October will be observed as the International Day of Non-Violence worldwide every year. This pious day is celebrated across India by prayer and remembering the deeds of Gandhiji in all states and Union territories of the country. It is observed in schools, colleges, all government and non-government organisations across India. Since, it is a National Holiday in India all schools, colleges and offices remain closed on this occasion.
The prestigious title [Speech on Gandhi Jayanti]
Gandhiji is honoured with the title Mahatma which means “A great soul” and so he is called Mahatma Gandhi. On the great occasion of Gandhi Jayanti the Prime Minister, President and other political leaders pay homage to Gandhiji at Raj Ghat. The Nobel laureate Rabindranath Tagore bestowed the title Mahatma to Gandhiji and Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose addressed Gandhiji as the Father of the Nation.
Gandhiji is renowned for emancipating India from the British by his dogma of non-violence and truth. He is known for his Satyagraha movement, Non-cooperation movement and the Salt March aka Dandi March. He is believed to be a peace lover and truth supporter but some facts about Gandhiji are cryptic. Let’s unearth them together.
- Gandhiji was accorded the “TIME Person of the Year” in 1930 and he is the only Indian to bestowed this honour for his Independence movement and the Salt March against the British imposition of tax on salt. He was also the runner up for the “TIME Person of the Century”
- Gandhiji was nominated five times for the Nobel Prize in 1937, 1938, 1939, 1947 and finally a few days before his assassination in 1948. But he was never awarded one. As a matter of fact, in 1948 the Nobel Peace Prize was not awarded to anybody as “there was no suitable living candidate” after his assassination. The Nobel committee later regretted not awarding him the award.
- Gandhiji didn’t celebrate the Independence from British as he disapproved the two nation theory. He was rather in Calcutta (now Kolkata) fasting to stop the brutal communal riots between Hindus and Muslims.
- Many great world leaders viz. Dalai Lama, Nelson Mandela were inspired and influenced by Gandhi’s ideologies and they considered him their mentor. In 1989, Dalai Lama dedicated his Nobel Peace Prize to Gandhiji as a tribute.
- In 1921, poverty in Madurai astounded Gandhiji deeply and he decided to give his clothes and settled with dhoti and a shall, made up of soot (cotton)that he weaved on the spinning wheel himself.
- Gandhiji is believed to be the reason for the martyrdom of Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev and Rajguru. But the topic is still debatable as people argue for Gandhi did nothing to protect them while some say his efforts were not up to the mark.
Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev and Rajguru were enraged by the martyrdom of Late Lala Lajpat Rai who gave the slogan “Simon Go Back”. The trio decided to assassinate James Scott who ordered the lathi charge which Lala Ji couldn’t survive. The British had proper evidence against the trio and when Gandhiji discussed the matter with Irwin he denied and told Gandhiji that he is supporting violence by supporting Bhagat Singh and his fellow mates. There was an agreement between Gandhiji and Irwin for releasing the Indians who the British arrested in the Satyagraha movement and Gandhiji’s interference in the matter would have withdrawn the agreement.
- The assassination of Gandhiji is believed to be a dark day in human history but many believed Nathuram Godse’s deed justified because he alleged Gandhiji for the partition and death of innocent. But Gandhiji never praised the two-nation
- The funeral cortege was 8 km long and over 2 million people gathered in the procession.
Albert Einstein once said about Gandhi-
“Generations to come will scarce believe that such a one as this ever in flesh and blood walked upon this earth.”
General George C. Marshall, the American secretary of state said,
“Mahatma Gandhi has become the spokesman for the conscience of all mankind. He was a man who made humility and simple truth more powerful than empires.”
Great Britain released a stamp 21 years post-Gandhiji’s death as an honour to him.
“If I’m to die by the bullet of a madman, I must do so smiling. God must be in my heart and on my lips. And if anything happens, you are not to shed a single tear.”
— Gandhiji, January 28, 1948
Gandhiji believed truth and love leads an individual to triumph. He is an emblem of non-violence and his ideologies are Noble. Though some of his deeds are arguably, his beliefs and sacrifices for the motherland are indelible.
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