आचार्य हजारीप्रसाद द्विवेदी उन विरल रचनाकारों में हैं जिनकी कृतियाँ उनके जीवन–काल में ही क्लासिक बन जाती हैं । अपनी जन्मजात प्रतिभा के साथ उन्होंने शास्त्रों का अनुशीलन और जीवन को सम्पूर्ण भाव से जीने की सा/ाना करके वह पारदर्शी दृष्टि प्राप्त की थी, जो किसी कथा को आर्ष–वाणी की प्रतिष्ठा देने में समर्थ होती है । जिस मनीषी ने हजारों साल से कायरता का पाठ दोहराती हुई जाति को ललकारकर कहा था % ‘‘सत्य के लिए किसी से भी न डरना, गुरु से भी नहीं, मंत्र से भी नहीं, लोक से भी नहीं, वेद से भी नहीं ।’’ वह कोई सामान्य कथाकार नहीं है । ऐसा उद्घोष कोई आर्षवक्ता ही कर सकता है । ग्रन्थावली के इस पहले खंड में द्विवेदीजी के दो उपन्यास बाणभट्ट की आत्मकथा और चारु चन्द्रलेख प्रस्तुत हैं । बाणभट्ट की आत्मकथा का कथानायक कोरा भावुक कवि नहीं, वरन् कर्मनिरत और संघर्षशील जीवन–योद्धा है । उसके लिए ‘शरीर केवल भार नहीं, मिट्टी का ढेला नहीं’, बल्कि उससे बड़ा है और उसके मन में ‘आर्यावर्त के उद्धार का निमित्त बनने’ की तीव्र बेचैनी है । चारु चन्द्रलेख में बारहवीं–तेरहवीं शताब्दी के उस काल का सर्जनात्मक पुनर्निर्माण करने का प्रयत्न है, जब सारा देश आन्तरिक कलह से जर्जर और तांत्रिक साधना के मोह में पथभ्रष्ट होकर समस्याओं का समा/ाान पारे और अभ्रक के खरल–संयोगों में खोज रहा था । द्विवेदीजी ने इसके विरुद्ध ज्ञान, इच्छा एवं क्रिया के त्रिकोणात्मक सामंजस्य तथा जनसा/ाारण की हिस्सेदारी पर बल दिया है, और उनकी इस स्थापना में अनायास ही आ/ाुनिक युग मुखर हो उठता है ।
|Hazari Prasad Dwivedi|
|Born||(1907-08-19)August 19, 1907|
Ballia District, United Provinces of Agra and Oudh, British India
|Died||(1979-05-19)May 19, 1979 (aged 71)|
|Occupation||Writer, essayist, scholar, historian, novelist, critic|
|Notable works||Kabir, Banabhatta Ki Atmakatha, Sahitya Ki Bhumika, Nakhoon Kyon Barhte Hain, Kutaj, Alok Parva|
|Notable awards||1973: Sahitya Akademi Award|
1957: Padma Bhushan
Hazari Prasad Dwivedi (August 19, 1907 – May 19, 1979) was a Hindi novelist, literary historian, essayist, critic and scholar. He penned numerous novels, collections of essays, historical research on medieval religious movements of India especially Kabir and Natha Sampradaya, and historical outlines of Hindi literature.
Besides Hindi, he was master of many languages including Sanskrit, Bengali, Punjabi, Gujarati as well as Pali, Prakrit, and Apabhramsa.
Steeped in traditional knowledge of Sanskrit, Pali and Prakrit, and modern Indian languages, Dwivedi was destined to be the great bridge maker between the past and the present. As a student of Sanskrit, steeped in the Sastras, he gave a new evaluation to Sahitya-sastra and he can rightly be considered as a great commentator on the textual tradition of the Indian literature.
He was awarded the Padma Bhushan in 1957 for his contribution to Hindi literature, and the 1973 Sahitya Akademi Award for his collection of essays, 'Alok Parva'.
He was born on August 19, 1906 at Dubey-ka-Chhapra village in Ballia district of Uttar Pradesh in a traditional family famous for astrologers. His father Pandit Anamol Dwivedi was a learned Sanskrit scholar.
Dwivedi had his early education until middle examination at his village school. After completing his intermediate, he also studied Jyotisha (astrology) and Sanskrit at a traditional school to qualify for 'AchArya' degree in astrology and 'Shastri' dregree in Sanskrit.
On November 18, 1940 he began his career as a Hindi lecturer at Santiniketan, and in 1940 he was promoted to the office of the Director of Hindi Bhavan in Vishvabharati, which he held till 1950.
During his stay at Shantiniketan, he came in close contact with Rabindranath Tagore and other prominent figures of Bengali literature. He came to imbibe the subtleties of Bengali, the aesthetic sensibilities of Nandalal Bose, the search for roots of Kshitimohan Sen and the gentle but piercing humour of Gurudayal Mallik. These influences are evident in his later writings.
He left Shantiniketan in 1950 and became Professor and Head of the Hindi Department at the Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi in which position he served till 1960. While in this position, he was also appointed as a Member in the first Official Language Commission set up in 1955 by Indian Government.
In 1960 he joined Panjab University, Chandigarh, as Professor and Head of its Hindi Department, a post that he held till his retirement.
Hazari Prasad Dwivedi's contributions to Indian creative and critical writings are phenomenal and his interests diverse.
He wrote the following important works in Literary History and Criticism:
- Sahitya ki Bhumika
- Hindi Sahitya ka Adikala
The above writings of his gave a new direction to the history of criticism in the Hindi literature.
He also published his historical analysis of medieval religious life of India in following books:
- Madhyakalin Dharma Sadhana
- Natha Sampradaya
His work on medieval saint Kabir is considered a masterpiece, and is a thoroughly researched analysis of Kabir's thought, works, and teachings.
He was also am eminent novelist. His novels revolved around Historical themes and personages. His following Historical Novels are considered classics:
He was also a great essayist. Some of his memorable essays are:
- Kalplata (Shirish ke phool and other essays): Shirish ke phool is part of NCERT Hindi book for class XII
- Nakhoon Kyon Barhte Hain (Why do the nails grow)
- Ashok ke phool
- Alok Parva (Collection)
He also translated many works from English and other languages to Hindi. These include:
- Prabandha Chintamani (from Prakrit)
- Puratan Prabandha Sangraha
- Vishva Parichay
- Lal Kaner