Public apologies are a type of performance before a larger audience, and they are to be understood in terms that are different from a private apology.
Sexual violence against women is not the result of a few odd bad elements. Sexual violence is part and parcel of heterosexual masculinity.
The U.S. government has ended the protective status of 200,000 Salvadoran migrants. If deported, they would go back to one of the world's deadliest places. How did violence in El Salvador get so bad?
For every £1 spent delivering a support programme for domestic abusers, the value to society was £1.40.
Compared to how prevalent sexual harassment is, false claims are rare.
It is time for fundamentalist Christians to examine their own theology and face up to how it has contributed to the abuse of women, intentionally or otherwise.
This story typically has two acts. First come the women's reports of harassment – followed by the inevitable dismissal and undermining of them. Could this time be different?
Hollywood's sexual predation scandals are just the tip of the iceberg. One in three women worldwide has been physically or sexually assaulted, and many girls' first sexual experience is forced.
Women and girls used the #MeToo hashtag more than 12 million times on Facebook in one day in October. It marked the rise of a new feminist consciousness and solidarity.
South Africa has one of the worst records of violence against women in the world. But not all women in the country seem to want to change this.
Shocking new findings show that even in conflict-affected countries where soldiers and rebel fighters are a daily danger to women, their husbands and boyfriends are the bigger threat.
Acid attacks, mostly against women, are increasing globally, and toxic masculinity is to blame. It's time for social, medical and legal reform to stop the scourge.
A personal account by a researcher investigating the root cause of sexual violence against women in India.
High profile stories of femicide come with a flare up of societal outrage, protest and collective introspection. But nothing ever really changes.
While men regard the social norm of 'proving' their manhood as normal, research shows otherwise. Combating these misconceptions can help reduce male violence.
Who is responsible when 43 girls burn to death in a state-run children's home?
Presenting violence of any sort as a cultural issue does not help prevent it.
An MP's attempt to block a bill to address violence against women was utterly misguided – here's why.
A new tool is tracking attacks on people for their religion, politics, caste, ethnicity, gender, class and sexual orientation.
The recent violent rape and murder of a 16-year-old Argentinian girl has sparked a region-wide protest movement against sexual violence in Latin America.
1. John and Lorena Bobbitt. [Last accessed on 2014 Oct 05]. Available from: http://www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_and_Lorena_Bobbitt .
2. Mishra A. My story. The Week. 1999;17:38–43.
3. Thara R. A Study of Disabled Women. Chennai (India): SCARF; 1997-1998. A study of mentally ill disabled women who have been separated/divorced.
4. Florence: Innocenti Digest, No 6. UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre; 2000. United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund (UNICEF). Domestic Violence Against Women and Girls. Magnitude of Problem; pp. 4–7.
5. National Crime Record Bureau, Crime in India, 1997, Ministry of Home Affairs. 2000
6. Mahajan A. Instigators of wife beating. In: Sood S, editor. Violence Against women. Jaipur (India): Arihant Publication; 1990.
7. Mahajan A, Madhurima O. New Delhi: Deep and Deep Publications; 1995. Family Violence and Abuse in India.
8. Jeejebhoy JS. Wife-beating in rural India: A husband's right? evidence from survey data. Econ Polit Wkly. 1988;11:855–82.
9. Bhattacharya S, Pratinidhi KA. A community based study of infertile women from urban slum. Indian J Matern Child Health. 1994;5:15–6.
10. Ganatra BR, Coyaji KJ, Rao VN. Pune (India): KEM Hospital Research Centre; 1996. Community Cum Hospital Based Case-Control Study on Maternal Mortality: A Final Report.
11. Narayana G. New Delhi: Published by WHO; 2000. Family violence, sex and reproductive health behavior among men in Uttar Pradesh, India: Policy Project, New Delhi: The Futures Group; 1996. Quoted in Women of South East Asia: A Health Profile.
12. Rao V. Wife-beating in rural south India: A qualitative and econometric analysis. Soc Sci Med. 1997;44:1169–80.[PubMed]
13. Kumar S, Jeyaseelan L, Suresh S, Ahuja RC. Domestic violence and its mental health correlates in Indian women. Br J Psychiatry. 2005;187:62–7.[PubMed]
14. Allahabad (India): Ekta Law Agency; 2007. The Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act, 2005. Diglot Edition.
15. Vol. 1. Mumbai (India): International Institute for Population Statistics (IPPS) an Macro International; 2007. National Family Health Survey (NHFS-3), 2005-2006.
16. Nambi S. 1st ed. Chennai: Manushanthi Mental Healthcare Pvt Ltd; 2011. Forensic Psychiatry (Psychiatry and Law) Indian Perspective. Psychosocial and Legal Aspects of Domestic Violence.
17. Washington (USA): ICRW; 2001. The International Centre for Research on Women. Domestic Violence in India II: Exploring Strategies, Promising Dialogue. ICRW Information Bulletin; pp. 1–8.
18. Vishakha and others V. State of Rajasthan and others, AIR 1997 SC 3011 at 3012, 3013. 1997. [Last accessed on 2014 Oct 21]. http://www.indiankanoon.org/doc/1031794/
19. Kumari R. New Delhi (India): Radiant; 1989. Brides are not for Burning: Dowry Victims in India.
20. Seshu MM, Bhosale V. Sangli, Maharashtra, India: Meena Seshu; 1990. Imprisoning Womanhood: A Report of Death and Desertion and of Women in Sangli district; p. 62. In: Women of South-East Asia, a Health Profile. Issue 34 of WHO regional publications: South-East Asia series. New Delhi: World Health Organization, Regional Office for South-East Asia; 2000.
21. Jeyaseelan L, Kumar S, Neelakantan N, Peedicayil A, Pillai R, Duvvury N. Physical spousal violence against women in India: Some risk factors. J Biosoc Sci. 2007;39:657–70.[PubMed]
22. McCauley J, Kern DE, Kolodner K, Dill L, Schroeder AF, DeChant HK, et al. The “battering syndrome”: Prevalence and clinical characteristics of domestic violence in primary care internal medicine practices. Ann Intern Med. 1995;123:737–46.[PubMed]
23. Babu BV, Kar SK. Domestic violence in Eastern India: Factors associated with victimization and perpetration. Public Health. 2010;124:136–48.[PubMed]
24. Flanzer JP. Alcohol and other drugs are key causal agents of violence. In: Gelles RJ, Loseke DR, editors. Current Controversies on Family Violence. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE; 1993. pp. 171–81.
25. Geneva: World Health Organisation; 2005. World Health Organisation. WHO Multi-Country Study on Women/s Health and Domestic Violence Against Women: Summary Report of Initial Results on Prevalence, Health Outcomes and Women's Responses.
26. Sarkar M. A study on domestic violence against adult and adolescent females in a rural area of west bengal. Indian J Community Med. 2010;35:311–5.[PMC free article][PubMed]
27. Koenig MA, Ahmed S, Hossain MB, Khorshed Alam Mozumder AB. Women's status and domestic violence in rural Bangladesh: Individual- and community-level effects. Demography. 2003;40:269–88.[PubMed]
28. Koenig MA, Stephenson R, Ahmed S, Jejeebhoy SJ, Campbell J. Individual and contextual determinants of domestic violence in North India. Am J Public Health. 2006;96:132–8.[PMC free article][PubMed]
29. Sharma I, Tripathi CB. Hindu marriage Act, psychotic illness and women: The Indian paradox. In: Sharma I, Tripathi MN, editors. Varanasi (India): Mahaveer Press; 2009. pp. 317–26.
30. Sharma I, Pandit B, Pathak A, Sharma R. Hinduism, marriage and mental illness. Indian J Psychiatry. 2013;55:S243–9.[PMC free article][PubMed]
31. Sharma I. Souvenir Echo le. Kovalam, Thiruvananthapuram: Indian Association of Private Psychiatry; 2011. Marriage and mental illness: Helplessness of Indian WOMEN; pp. 54–60.
32. Das PK, editor. Universal Handbook on Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Acts and Rules. Delhi (India): Universal Law Book Publishing Co. Pvt Ltd; 1948. Universal Declaration of Human Rights, (Relevant Provisions). Vide United Nations general assembly resolution 17A (III), dated 10th December, 1948; p. 253.
33. Das PK, editor. Universal Handbook on Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Acts and Rules. Delhi (India): Universal Law Book Publishing Co. Pvt Ltd; 1993. United Nations World Conference on Human Rights (Relevant Provisions). Vienna Declaration and plan for action. Adopted at Vienna, Austria, 25 June 1993; p. 256.
34. New York: UN Department of Public Information; United Nations. The Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action; p. 75.
35. The United Nations Committee on Convention on Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination Against Women, General Recommendation No XII. 1989
36. Das PK, editor. Delhi (India): Universal Law Book Publishing Co. Pvt Ltd; 2007. The Constitution of India (Relevant Provisions) p. 115.
37. National Commission for Women Act, 1990 (Act No. 20 of 1990). In: The Gazette of India: Government of India, Extra Part II, Sec. 1992 Jan 31st;3(ii)
38. Delhi (India): Universal Law Publishing Co Pvt Ltd; 2005. Indian Penal Code (45 of 1860) as Amended by The Election Laws (Amendment) Act, 2003 (24 of 20003) with Classification of Offences and State Amendments, 1980. Bare Act with Short Notes.
39. Delhi (India): Universal Law Publishing Co Pvt Limited; 2008. The Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961. (Act 28 of 1961)
40. The Family Courts Act, 1984 (Act 66 of 1984); The Family Courts Amendment, 1991 (Act 59 of 1991)
41. 1986. Dec 23, The Indecent representation of Women (Prohibition) Act 1986. In: The Gazette of India: Government of India, Extra Part II, Sec. 1.
42. The Commission of Sati (Prevention) Act, 1987. (Act 2 of 1988) Government of India. Vide GSR 359 (E) 1988 Mar 21;
43. Nehru JL. Speaking from the floor of parliament in the joint sitting of both houses on dowry prohibition bill, 1961 on May 6, 1961. In: Diwan P, Diwan P, editors. Dowry. 22nd ed. Allahabad (India): Allahabad Law Agency; 1961. pp. 78–84.
44. Jaising I. Blind to what, your honour. Times of India. 2013 Jan 6;
45. New Delhi (India): Professional Book Publishers; 2002. The Hindu Marriage Act, 1955.